Vocabulary (Lifestyle & Law)

I feel like every now & again it’s good to think back to elementary school. It seems like many of us have forgotten the very basics of our education: vocabulary.

I was fortunate to have a family infatuated with words, even if they don’t think about them as academically as I like to. I credit my mom & dad for my love of all things language – From the Spanish my dad taught me as he learned it from co-workers in the Unions to the Full length books my mom would read me as a little kid. I guess that’s why I get upset, even offended, when others use language in such horrible ways.

Vocabulary isn’t as strict as you think it might be. There are more bodies than you know attempting to alter your perception of basically everything & it’s important to know the basics.

I am going to publish a series of posts including definitions of all words from a certain theme. Today’s Theme: Lifestyle & Law

These definitions are not based in bias. All definitions come from the Oxford Dictionary of English (unless otherwise cited). All discussions will happen in your own thoughts at your own pace.

I encourage healthy inclusive discourse, so please continue on the conversation in the comment section!


Law

Origin

Old English lagu, from Old Norse lag ‘something laid down or fixed’, of Germanic origin and related to lay.

NOUN

1 (often the law) mass noun The system of rules which a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and which it may enforce by the imposition of penalties.

as modifier ‘law enforcement’
  1. 1.1 (count) noun An individual rule as part of a system of law.
  2. 1.2 Systems of law as a subject of study or as the basis of the legal profession.
    as modifier ‘a law firm’
    ‘law students’
  3. 1.3 Statute law and the common law. Compare with equity
  4. 1.4 Something regarded as having binding force or effect.
  5. 1.5 (the law) informal The police.
  • 2A rule defining correct procedure or behaviour in a sport.

  • 3A statement of fact, deduced from observation, to the effect that a particular natural or scientific phenomenon always occurs if certain conditions are present.

    1. 3.1 A generalization based on a fact or event perceived to be recurrent.
  • mass noun The body of divine commandments as expressed in the Bible or other religious texts.

    1. 4.1 (the Law) The Pentateuch as distinct from the other parts of the Hebrew Bible (the Prophets and the Writings).
    2. 4.2 The precepts of the Pentateuch.

Phrases

  • at (or in) law

    • According to or concerned with the laws of a country.

  • be a law unto oneself

    • Behave in a manner that is not conventional or predictable.

  • go to law

    • Resort to legal action in order to settle a matter.

  • law and order

    • A situation characterized by respect for and obedience to the rules of a society.

  • lay down the law

    • Issue instructions to other people in an authoritative or dogmatic way.

  • take the law into one’s own hands

    • Punish someone for an offence according to one’s own ideas of justice, especially in an illegal or violent way.

  • take someone to law

    • Initiate legal proceedings against someone.

  • there’s no law against it

    • informal Said to assert that one is doing nothing wrong, especially in response to an actual or implied criticism.

Opinion

Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin opinio(n-), from the stem of opinari ‘think, believe’.

NOUN

  • 1A view or judgement formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge.

    1. 1.1 mass noun The beliefs or views of a group or majority of people.
    2. 1.2 An estimation of the quality or worth of someone or something.
  • 2A statement of advice by an expert on a professional matter.

    1. 2.1 (Law) A barrister’s advice on the merits of a case.
    2. 2.2 (Law) A formal statement of reasons for a judgement given.

Phrases

  • be of the opinion that

    • Believe or maintain that.

  • difference of opinion

    • A disagreement or mild quarrel.

  • a matter of opinion

    • Something not capable of being proven either way.

Fact

Origin

Late 15th century: from Latin factum, neuter past participle of facere ‘do’. The original sense was ‘an act’, later ‘a crime’, surviving in the phrase before (or after) the fact. The earliest of the current senses (‘truth, reality’) dates from the late 16th century.

NOUN

  • 1A thing that is known or proved to be true.

    1. 1.1 (facts) Information used as evidence or as part of a report or news article.
    2. 1.2 (the fact that) Used to refer to a particular situation under discussion.
    3. 1.3 (Law) mass noun The truth about events as opposed to interpretation.

Phrases

  • before (or after) the fact

    • Before (or after) the committing of a crime.

  • facts and figures

    • Precise details.

  • a fact of life

    • Something that must be accepted and cannot be changed, however unpalatable.

  • the facts of life

    • Information about sexual functions and practices, especially as given to children.

  • the fact of the matter

    • The truth.

  • in (point of) fact

    • Used to emphasize the truth of an assertion, especially one opposite to what might be expected or what has been asserted.

Teasing

Origin

Old English tǣsan (in tease (sense 2 of the verb)), of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch teezen and German dialect zeisen, also to teasel. Sense 1 is a development of the earlier and more serious ‘irritate by annoying actions’ (early 17th century), a figurative use of the word’s original sense.

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]

  • Make fun of or attempt to provoke (a person or animal) in a playful way.

    1. 1.1 Tempt (someone) sexually with no intention of satisfying the desire aroused.

NOUN

  • informal A person who makes fun of someone playfully or unkindly.

    1. 1.1 A person who tempts someone sexually with no intention of satisfying the desire aroused.
  • in singular An act of teasing someone.

Bullying

Origin

Mid 16th century: probably from Middle Dutch boele ‘lover’. Original use was as a term of endearment applied to either sex; it later became a familiar form of address to a male friend. The current sense dates from the late 17th century.

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]

  • Seek to harm, intimidate, or coerce (someone perceived as vulnerable)

Harassment

NOUN

mass noun

  • Aggressive pressure or intimidation.

Grope

VERB

  • no object, with adverbial Search blindly or uncertainly by feeling with the hands.

    1. 1.1 Move along uncertainly by feeling objects as one goes.
    2. 1.2 (grope for) Search uncertainly for (a word or answer) in one’s mind.
  • informal with object Fondle (someone) for sexual pleasure roughly or clumsily, or without the person’s consent.

NOUN

informal 

  • An act of fondling someone for sexual pleasure.

Assault

Origin

Middle English: from Old French asaut (noun), assauter (verb), based on Latin ad- ‘to’ + saltare, frequentative of salire ‘to leap’. Compare with assail.

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]

  • Make a physical attack on.

    1. 1.1 Carry out a military attack or raid on (an enemy position)
    2. 1.2 Bombard with something undesirable or unpleasant.

NOUN

  • A physical attack.

    1. 1.1 (Law) An act that threatens physical harm to a person, whether or not actual harm is done.
    2. 1.2 A military attack or raid on an enemy position.
    3. 1.3 A strong verbal attack.
  • A concerted attempt to do something demanding.

Sodomy

Origin

Middle English: from medieval Latin sodomia, from late Latin peccatum Sodomiticum ‘sin of Sodom’ (after Gen. 19:5, which implies that the men of Sodom practised homosexual rape) (see Sodom).

NOUN

mass noun

  • Anal intercourse.

Rape

Origin

Late Middle English (originally denoting violent seizure of property, later carrying off a woman by force): from Anglo-Norman French rap (noun), raper (verb), from Latin rapere ‘seize’.

NOUN

mass noun

  • The crime, typically committed by a man, of forcing another person to have sexual intercourse with the offender against their will.

    count noun ‘he had committed at least two rapes’
    as modifier ‘a rape victim’
    1. 1.1 archaic The abduction of a woman, especially for the purpose of having sexual intercourse with her.
  • The wanton destruction or spoiling of a place.

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]

  • (typically of a man) force (another person) to have sexual intercourse with the offender against their will.

  • Spoil or destroy (a place)

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